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Parsnip

Pastinaca sativa 'wild parsnip' (flower) (phot...

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Pastinaca sativa

Description

The medicinal parts are the dried fruit, the dried herb, the dried root and the fresh, 2-year-old root of cultivated plants.

Flower and Fruit

The golden yellow flowers are in 8- to 12-rayed umbels, which are quite flat and contain androgynous blooms. There is usually no involucre or epicalyx, or they consist of 1 or 2 dropping bracts.

The petals are even-sized, golden yellow, 0.5 mm long when rolled up and 1 mm wide. The fruit is broad-elliptical, compressed, similar to a lentil, 5 to 7 mm long and 4 to 5.5 mm wide. It is yellow-brownish when ripe. The fruit is marked with oil marks and hollows.

Leaves, Stem and Root

The plant is a biennial, which grows from 30 to 100 cm. The root is fusiform or tuberous like a carrot or turnip. It is whitish and usually bears only I stem. The stem is erect, angular, grooved, short-haired to glabrous and branched on top of. The leaves are simple pinnate, glossy on top of, paler and soft-haired beneath.

The cauline leaves are on a long sheath, which is rolled at the edge. The basal leaves are petiolate; the leaflets are ovate-oblong and deeply lobed at the base. The terminal leaflet is 3 lobed and roughly crenate to serrate.

Characteristics

The turnip-like root tastes like carrot.

Habitat

Parsnip grows wild in most parts of Europe and Asia Minor as far as western Siberia. It is organicized in the U.S. It is cultivated in Europe, America, Australia, India, China and southern Africa.

Production

Parsnip rjoot or herb are the dried parts of Pastinaca sativa.

Not to be Confused With

Other categories of root such as Corium, Parsley Roots and the root of Bear’s Breech (as well known as Hogweed).

Actions and Pharmacology

Compounds: PARSNIP HERB

Furocoumarins: in particular angelicin, bergaptene, xantho-toxin, imperatorin, psoralen

Volatile oil: basic components cis- and trans-beta-ocimene, trans-beta-farnesene, terpineols, palmitolactone

Flavonoids: including rutin

Compounds: PARSNIP ROOT

Furocoumarins: in particular angelicin, bergaptene, xantho-toxin, imperatorin, psoralen

Volatile oil (1.9-3.1%): basic components including aliphatic ester, in particular octylbutyrate (29-85%), in certain strains as well octylacetate, additionally other esters and some myristi-cin (depending on strain, 5-65%)

Fatty oil: basic fatty acid petroselic acid (46%)

Effects

No information is offered.

Indications and Usage

PARSNIP HERB

Unproven Uses

The herb is used in kidney and gastrointestinal complaints and for digestion predicaments.

Homeopathic Uses

The herb is used for delirium.

PARSNIP ROOT

Unproven Uses

The root is used for kidney stones, sprains and fever.

Homeopathic Uses

The root is used for delirium.

Precautions and Adverse Reactions

No health hazardouss or side effects are known in conjunction with the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages. An increase in UV-sensitivity is probable among light-skinned persons (due to phototoxic effect of the furocoumarins).

PARSNIP HERB

offered ground, as a decoction of the dried herb.

Preparation

1 handful of Parsnip herb cooked in 1 liter of water for 10 minutes.

Daily Dosage

For the first 8 days, drink-one wine-glassful 3 times daily; during the second week drink ope water glassful. The daily intake can be increased up to 2 liters. The treatment takes 4 to 6 weeks.

Homeopathic Dosage

5 drops, 1 tablet or 10 globules every 30 to 60 minutes (acute) or 1 to 3 times daily (chronic); parenterally: 1 to 2 ml sc, acute, 3 times daily; chronic: once daily (HAB34).

PARSNIP ROOT

Daily Dosage

Take 1 teaspoon of freshly grated root, containing 50% plant material, 3 times daily.

Homeopathic Dosage

5 drops, 1 tablet or 10 globules every 30 to 60 minutes (acute) or 1 to 3 times daily (chronic); parenterally: 1 to 2 ml sc, acute, 3 times daily; chronic: once daily (HAB34).

Wide range of Herbal tea

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