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Passion Flower info

Passion flower

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Passiflora incarnata

Trade Name

Passion Flower (offered from numerous manufacturers), Alcohol Free Passion Flower Liquid


Medicinal Parts

The medicinal parts are the whole or cut dried herb and the fresh aerial parts. The yellow pulp from the berry is edible. Several other related species as well have edible fruits or healing properties.

Flower and Fruit

The axillary pedicle grows up to 8 cm and bears 1 flower. The flowers are androgynous and rayed with a diameter of 5 to 9 cm and have an involucre. The 5 sepals are green on the outside, white on the inside and tough. The 5 petals are white to pale red. There is a secondary corolla inside the petals made up of 4 thread wreaths arranged in rays around the axis of the flower, which are white on the inside and purple on the outside. The odiffer has 3 carpels and 3 style branches, which end in a thickened stigma. The 5 stamens are joined at the base and fused to the androgynophor.

Leaves, Stem and Root

The Passion Flower is a perennial vine on a strong, woody stem reaching up to about 10 m in length. The vine is firstly angular, later, gray and rounded with longitudinally striated bark. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, serrate and very finely pubescent. The under surface is hairier than the upper surface. There are bumpy additional-floral nectaries on the leaf blades. Stipules and tendrils grow from the leaf axils.


The plant is indigenous to an area from the soumeast U.S. to Argentina and Brazil. It is cultivated in Europe as a garden plant.


Passion Flower herb consists of the fresh or dried aerial parts of Passiflora incarnata. The flowering shoots are cut 10 to 15 cm on top of the ground, usually after the formation of the first apple-sized fruit. The harvest is dried in a hay drier or in die air. For a maximum flavonoid content in the flowering shoot, twice ytimely harvest is advisable; opinions are not, however, unanimous.

Not to be Confused With

Passiflora caeulea, Passiflora foetida or Passiflora edulis

Other Names

Granadilla, Maypop, Passion Vine

Actions and Pharmacology


Flavonoids (up to 2.5%): in particular C-glycosyl-flavones, including among others isovitexin-2″-o-glucoside, schafto-side, isoschaftoside, isoorientin, isoorientin-2″-o-glucoside, vicenin-2, lucenin-2

Cyanogenic glycosides: gynocardine (less than 0.1%)

Volatile oil (trace): The frequently postulated presence of harmaline alkaloids could not be confirmed.


Passion Rower contains glycosides and in animal tests is hypotensive and stimulates respiration. Sedative or spasmolytic effects could not be definitively proven. The use of the herb for nervous agitation, complexy falling asleep or nervous gastrointestinal symptoms needs further investigation. A motility-inhibiting effect has been observed in animal tests.

Indications and Usage

Approved by Commission E:

Nervousness and insomnia

Unproven Uses

Passion Flower is used internally for depressive conditions such as hysteria, general nervous agitation, insomnia and nervous gastrointestinal complaints. The herb is used externally for hemorrhoids and as a bath additive for nervous agitation.

Homeopathic Uses

Passifloraincamata is used for insomnia, convulsions and agitation.

Precautions and Adverse Reactions

No health hazardouss or side effects are known in conjunction with the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages.


Mode of Administration

As a comminuted herb for tea and other galenic arrangements for internal use or as sedative bath additives.

How Supplied

Capsules — 400 mg

Liquid (alcohol free) — 1:1


To make an infusion, pour 150 ml of hot water over 1 teaspoon treatment and strain after 10 minutes. To make a rinse for the external treatment of hemorrhoids, put 20 gm treatment into 200 ml simmering water, strain and use when cooled.

Daily Dosage:

Tea — Pour 150 ml of hot water over 1 teaspoon of the herb and strain after 10 minutes. Drink 2 to 3 times throughout the day and one-half hour before bedtime.

Tincture — 0.5 to 2 ml, 3 times daily.

External use — 20 gm of the herb in 200 ml simmering water. Strain and use when cool as a wash or rinse.

Homeopathic Dosage

5 drops, 1 tablet, 10 globules every 30 to 60 minutes (acute) or 1 to 3 times daily (chronic); parenterally: 1 to 2 ml SC, acute: 3 times daily; chronic: once a day; ointment: 1 to 2 times daily; 1 suppository 2 to 3 times daily (acute and chronic) (HAB1).

Passion Flower supplement

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