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Agropyron repens


Medicinal Parts

The medicinal part is the rhizome collected in spring or autumn.

Flower and Fruit

Five to 7 flowered spikelets in groups of 20 form a 10 cm-long ear. The ears are usually short, upright and usually dense green and inconspicuous grass with 5 veined, lanceolate, sharply keeled glume. The spike stem is glabrous. The glume is 8 to 11 mm long, acuminate or awned. The anthers are 5 to 6 mm. The fruit is 6 to 7 mm long, flat to the front with 1 groove.

Leaves, Stem and Root

Triticum is a 0.2 to 1.5 m perennial plant with a hardy creeping rhizome. The rhizome has long white runners, is segmented and hollow. The leaves are thin, flat, grass-green or gray-green. The upper surface is rough and frequently covered in solitary, long hairs.


The spikelets have their broad side turned toward the wave-like curved main axis. The plant is odorless; the taste sweetish.


Indigenous to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Introduced to Greenland, South America, Australia and New Zealand.


Triticum rhizome consists of the rhizome, roots and short stems of Agropyron repens, harvested in spring before the blade develops, as well as its arrangements. The rhizomes are collected after the fields are harrowed. They are cleaned, washed and dried at approximately 35° C.

Not to be Confused With

The rhizomes of Cynodon dactylon, Poaceae and Carex species (a frequent event).

Other Names

Couch Grass Quitch Grass, Witch Grass, Twitch-Grass, Scotch Quelch, Dog-Grass, Quickgrass, Cutch, Durfa Grass, Quack Grass, Elytrigia repens

Actions and Pharmacology



Triticin (polyfructosan)

Sugar alcohols

Soluble silicic acid

Volatile oil: including carvacrol and carvone-containing P-hydroxyalkyl cinnamic acid alkyl ester


The very essential oil has an antimicrobial effect.

Indications and Usage

Approved by Commission E:

• Infections of the urinary tract

• Kidney and bladder stones

Unproven Uses

Triticum is used as a flushing-out therapy, for inflammatory ailment of the urinary tract and the prevention of kidney gravel. The treatment is as well used for cystitis, kidney stones, gout, rheumatic pain and chronic skin disorders. Due to the high mucilage content, the treatment is used as a soothing cough drug. The infusion is used for constipation. It is as well used as fructose-containing additive for diabetics.

Homeopathic Uses

Agropyron repens is used to treat urinary tract infections.


No flushing-out therapy if edema is present due to cardiac or renal insufficiency.

Precautions and Adverse Reactions

No health hazardouss or side effects are known in conjunction with the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages. For flushing-out therapy, make sure copious fluid intake.


Mode of Administration

Comminuted herb decoctions and other galenic arrangements for internal use.


Liquid additionalct: 1:1; Tincture: 1:5; Tea: Pour boiling water over the treatment and strain after 10 minutes.

Daily Dosage

The average single dose is 3 to 10 gm of treatment in 1 cup of boiling water; average daily dose is 6 to 9 gm of treatment.

Tea: 12 to 24 gm drunk fresh several times a day; Liquid additionalct: 4 to 8 ml 3 times daily; Tincture: 5 to 15 ml 3 times daily.

Homeopathic Dosage

5 drops, 1 tablet, 10 globules every 30 to 60 minutes (acute) or 1 to 3 times a day (chronic); Parenterally: 1 to 2 ml sc acute, 3 times daily; Chronic: once a day (HAB1).


The treatment must be kept in sealed containers, protected from light and moisture.

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