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Tropical Almond

Amond blossom, Plants of Israel

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Terminalia chebula

Description

Medicinal Parts

The medicinal part of the tree is the fruit.

Flower and Fruit

The flowers are arranged in 5 to 7 cm long, axillary spikes. The flowers are small and fused. Their structures are arranged in fives. The sepals are almost glabrous and yellowish-white; the calyx tube is 5-tipped. There are no petals, but there are 10 stamens and a single-chambered, inferior odiffer. The style is long and projects out of the bud. The fruit is a glabrous, ovoid drupe, yellow to orange-brown when ripe and 2 to 4 cm long.

Leaves, Stem and Root

Tropical Almond is a tree that grows up to 25 m high. The leaves are alternate or opposite, 7 to 18 cm long, 4 to 6 cm wide and coriaceous. The petiole is approximately 2.5 cm long, with 2 glands at the upper end. The lamina is ovate or elliptical, blunt and orbicular at the base. It is finely crenate and woolly pubescent beneath. The branches are rust colored, woolly or glabrous, and the trunk has a brown, longitudinally fissured bark.

Habitat

India

Production

Tropical Almond fruit is the dried ripe fruit of Terminalia chebula.

Not to be Confused With

Can be confused with emblica and Terminalia bellirica.

Other Names

Black Myrobalan, Chebulic Myrobalan, Myrobalan

Actions and Pharmacology

Compounds

Tannins (20 to 45%): gallotannins, including terchebulin, terflavin A, punicalagin, corilagin, chebulic acid, and chebu-linic acid

Monosaccharides/oligosaccharides (9%): including D-glucose, D-fructose, saccharose

Fruit acids: including quinic acid (1.5%), shikimic acid (2%)

Fatty oil (in the seeds, to 40%)

Effects

Its high tannin content make clears the use of the treatment as an astringent. A variety of experiments have showd antibacterial, cardiotonic and antiarteriosclerotic (lowering of cholesterol levels) effects for the treatment.

Indications and Usage

Chinese treatment

Tropical Almond is used for chronic diarrhea, chronic dysentery, rectal prolapse, loss of voice because of chronic coughs, blood in the stool, leucorrhea, night sweats and undesired discharges.

Indian treatment

The almondĀ  is used in the treatment of wounds, ulcers, gingivitis, excitation, gastric complaints, anorexia, worm infestation, flatulence, hemorrhoids, jaundice, for liver and spleen disease, pharyngodynia, hiccups, coughs, epilepsy, eye disease, skin changes, leprosy, intermittent fever, cardiac dysfunction, gastritis and neuropathy.

Precautions and Adverse Reactions

No health hazardouss are known in conjunction with the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages, Even though even therapeutic dosages could lead to constipation, due to the high tannin content (administration as an antidiarrheal).

Overdosage

The administration of extremely high doses (25% of the fodder) over a period of 4 weeks to rats led to kidney and liver damage; mice developed liver tumors in a related experiment (750 mg/kg body weight of the tannin fraction over a period of 12 weeks).

Dosage

Mode of Administration

Whole herb arrangements for internal and external use.

Daily Dosage

3 to 9 gm

Storage

Should be stored in a dry and cool place.

Click her to buy Almond oil

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